The 1880 United States census was the tenth census in the United States and is the fourth census to include and name all persons living in each household. The official enumeration day was June 1, 1880. An important step was made in this census in that it was the first to include each person’s relationship to the head of the family. It also included names of every person living with the family, and any illnesses or disabilities at the time of the census.
Thirty-eight states, including recently-admitted Colorado, were enumerated. Also included were the territories of Arizona, Dakota, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and the then-unorganized Alaska. The great western migration had begun! It is interesting that the “Indian Territory” (now Oklahoma) was enumerated for Indians only.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (The Mormons) in conjunction with Ancestry.com has provided the index used in these transcriptions. It should be noted that the index created by the Mormans was a big improvement over those of previous censuses. Images used in these transcriptions were originally copied from National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, number T9 (1454 rolls).
Items included on the 1880 census form included the following: name, age as of the last birthday, sex, color, birthplace and birthplaces of parents, marital status, occupations of those over 15, real estate value, value of personal estate, and whether the father and mother were foreign born. Dwellings and families were numbered in the order of visitation and included the names of every person living with the family.
Because over 99 percent of the subsequent 1890 census records were destroyed in a Commerce Department fire in 1921, this is the last federal census available until 1900.
The 1880 census included a total of 6354 Titus and related family names.
The images for the following families in the index could not be found:
Alabama, Family number 2.
California, Family number 27.
Illinois, Family number 2.
Michigan, Family numbers 10, 21 and 33.
Minnesota, Family number 16.
New Jersey, Family number 134.
New York, Family numbers 17, 193, 201, 164 and 265.
Pennsylvania, Family number 56.